Los Reyes Magos: The Spanish Christmas Tradition

This blog post was originally posted on December 28, 2012 and was updated on November 9, 2017.

Christmas may have come and gone, but many kids here in Spain are still eagerly awaiting their presents. That’s because it is not Santa Claus who brings them gifts on Christmas Day.

The tradition here in Spain is that Los Reyes Magos, known as the Three Wise Men or the Three Kings in English, bring Spanish children their gifts on the Day of the Epiphany, January 6th. According to Christian tradition, this was the day that Melchior (known as Melchor in Spanish), Caspar (Gaspar), and Balthasar (Baltasar) came to visit the baby Jesus and brought their gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Read on to learn more about the Spanish Christmas tradition of Los Reyes Magos.

Forget about Santa Claus! Los Reyes Magos are the most important figures at Christmas in Spain.


Photo Credit: Mike King, Text Overlay: Devour Madrid Food Tours

Cabalgata de Reyes

Festivities officially start the day before La Adoración de los Reyes Magos. On January 5th, in towns and cities all around the country, Spanish families line the streets to get a glimpse of the Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos, a reenactment of the arrival of the Three Kings. These parades are truly a sight to behold! Amidst dancers, musicians, and puppeteers, the Kings ride on camels or elaborate floats and throw goodies, usually candy or sweets, down to the children.

Make sure to go to a parade on January 6 to see Los Reyes Magos in person!
Los Reyes Magos make the Christmas magic happen! Photo credit: Malojavio el Saucejo

Later that evening, kids leave out their shoes in a spot where the Kings are sure to see them. Much like the traditional milk and cookies for Santa Claus and his reindeer, Spanish children often set out plates of food or sweets for los Reyes. The camels also receive dried grass or hay from the traditionalists, or milk and bread if those aren’t handy! The next morning, children are delighted to discover that los Reyes have nibbled the food or eaten it entirely. But most importantly, next to their shoes are the wrapped presents from los Reyes Magos, waiting to be ripped open!

Roscón de Reyes

Another important tradition after the gift-opening is the breakfast of Roscón de Reyes. It’s a delicious round cake with candied fruit on top. The fruit symbolizes the precious gems that adorned the Wise Men’s clothing. You can purchase a plain roscón or one with fresh nata (whipped cream), trufa (truffle cream) or cabello de ángel (candied spaghetti squash).

In addition, there will be two plastic-wrapped figurines inside the cake: a faba bean and a small king. Whoever gets the slice of the cake with the small king is the “king” or “queen” of the banquet. As a result, this person will have good luck for the rest of the year. On the other hand, whoever finds the faba bean has to pay for the roscón! There are a number of pastry shops and bakeries in Madrid where you can try a Roscón de Reyes. Look for them in the weeks leading up to the celebration.

One of the most delicious Christmas traditions in Madrid? Enjoying some tasty roscón de reyes, eaten on El Día de Los Reyes Magos!
El Día de los Reyes Magos wouldn’t be complete without roscón, the must-eat treat!

Although sightings of Santa Claus are becoming more common in recent years, historically La Adoración de los Reyes Magos is the most important Christmas tradition in Spain. If you are in Madrid on January 5th, you MUST add seeing the Cabalgata to your holiday to-do list. And be sure to buy a roscón to accompany your morning coffee or hot chocolate!

Looking for other activities to do during your stay in Madrid over Christmas? Join us on one of our food tours! We are open over the Christmas period and with expert guides, plenty of delicious food to try and some fascinating history to learn along the way—you won’t regret it! We hope to see you in Madrid this holiday season!

40 Comment

  1. Steve Hall says
    December 28, 2012 at 4:19 pm

    Great overview. Thanks for sharing! Hope The Three Kings bring you everything you would wish for yourself

    1. Kay Fabella says
      December 28, 2012 at 9:15 pm

      Thanks Steve! Happy Holidays from Madrid!

    2. Chuy Rodriguez says
      January 6, 2015 at 5:40 pm

      You too Steve!!!! Happy holidays!

    3. December 11, 2017 at 10:08 pm

      thanks steve you sound like a real swell guy

    4. Mariam says
      February 1, 2018 at 12:13 am

      Yo mis vacaciones favoritas son las navidades. Celebro la Navidad estando con mi familia

      1. Katie Stearns says
        February 12, 2018 at 4:38 pm

        A nosotros también nos encantan las navidades!

  2. Molly says
    December 29, 2012 at 7:53 pm

    My favourite Roscon de Reyes is the Cream ‘Nata’ one. I can’t wait, just a few days to go til the Barcelona cabalgata.

    1. Lauren Aloise says
      December 29, 2012 at 8:01 pm

      Mmm I know, I love the Cabalgata! But I think my favorite filling is trufa, yum!

      1. jun says
        January 6, 2015 at 6:07 pm

        what animals did the three kings arrive with

        1. Derek isolata says
          January 7, 2015 at 7:32 pm

          The elephant, camel, and a mule

          1. katherine says
            December 15, 2015 at 11:51 am

            what is a mule

          2. International secret service says
            April 20, 2016 at 2:26 pm

            Good job sir! You really know your facts on Three Kings Day and its history!

      2. Alyssa says
        January 6, 2016 at 2:02 am

        the three kings arrived by camel! Luv the website! <3

  3. December 11, 2013 at 11:59 am

    […] to New Zealand! But luckily for us the holidays aren’t quite over. Last week we talked about Los Reyes Magos and the last of the Spanish Christmas holidays, El Día de los Reyes Magos. A big part of this fun […]

  4. December 2, 2014 at 6:56 pm

    […] sat around watching football on Sunday, our little band of ex-pats here in Spain got to watch Three Kings sit around on their asses (think donkeys not butts). […]

  5. Ryan says
    January 6, 2015 at 5:38 pm

    i love spain rascons my favorite is rasberry

    1. katherine says
      December 15, 2015 at 11:45 am

      That looks fun

    2. katherine says
      December 15, 2015 at 11:46 am

      <3 Mmmmm

  6. Cómo says
    December 21, 2015 at 4:03 pm

    The food looks great

  7. December 21, 2015 at 5:55 pm

    […] Roscón de Reyes is a must on Three Kings Day, January 6. The sweet-bread cake is topped with candied fruit and sometimes filled with a layer of […]

  8. January 3, 2016 at 12:07 pm

    […] in Spain, according to the tradition…Papa Noel (the name of Santa Claus in Spain) does not give present…. They will get theirs on another special day which is on the January 6th every year. Plus there […]

  9. Ayonna says
    January 5, 2016 at 8:05 pm

    that was good!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  10. January 6, 2016 at 3:30 pm

    […] On the morning of January 6th, children wake up to more gifts, candy, and celebrations. In Spain, parades not unlike the Thanksgiving Day or Christmas Day parades are held around the country. Miami has its […]

  11. Allá says
    January 11, 2016 at 5:17 pm


  12. January 18, 2016 at 5:42 pm

    […] the arrival of the Magi. It’s a sight to behold and lots of fun for the little ones. Click here for more about […]

  13. January 20, 2016 at 5:15 pm

    […] Posted In: 3 King's Day in Madridbest pastries in MadridChristmas sweets in MadridKing's Cake in MadridMadrid pastriesReyes Magos in MadridRoscón de Reyes in Madrid Previous […]

  14. January 30, 2016 at 7:13 pm

    […] I don’t know about you all, but I am still reeling from the parade of holiday deliciousness that was the Christmas holidays. Seemingly unending feasts of sweet almond turrón were topped only by the downright irresistible cream-filled King’s Cakes. […]

  15. February 18, 2016 at 9:00 pm

    […] often filled with whipped cream is the traditional cake of Spain’s Dia de los Reyes Magos, or Three Kings Day. While most bakeries offering roscón de reyes only do so during Christmastime, Pozo sells it […]

  16. March 2, 2016 at 2:50 pm

    […] of all Spanish desserts. It’s the most common Spanish dessert to eat on 6th January for El Día de los Reyes (The Day of the […]

  17. jonmillr says
    May 21, 2016 at 12:26 pm

    I love to eat trufa its amazing…

  18. Antjuan says
    November 14, 2016 at 6:07 pm

    what foods are you supposed to eat other than the cake

  19. isaiah says
    November 29, 2016 at 3:48 pm

    the food lookes amazing i want it! the three kings are awesome

  20. Erin says
    December 30, 2016 at 4:08 pm

    Why do the children leave out shoes? How did that tradition begin? I asked a friend of mine who is Spanish; she had no idea. 😉

  21. January 4, 2017 at 6:08 pm

    […] of the holiday season takes place almost two weeks after Christmas on Jan. 5. The night of Jan. 5, los Reyes Magos (the Three Kings) bring presents to children across Spain. And on the morning of January 6th, […]

  22. January 8, 2017 at 7:52 pm

    […] Los Reyes Magos (three kings celebration) Here, the celebration of the journey of the three kings is bigger than the Christmas celebration. The holiday is a combination of Halloween, Christmas, Independence Day, and the Macy’s Day Parade. Sevillianos celebrate the arrival of the three kings with a 33-float parade around the city. The floats, or “cagalbatas,” have different themes and kids in costumes throw “caramelos” or little candies and toys to the people watching the parade. Watch out! The public is very competitive about catching the candy thrown from the floats; people bring umbrellas to catch more candy than their neighbors! The parade continues with a band and people in costumes as the kids await the arrival of the kings and their gifts (similar to Santa Claus).  click here for more info! https://madridfoodtour.com/los-reyes-magos-the-spanish-christmas-tradition/ […]

  23. Ted says
    January 10, 2017 at 4:34 pm

    Th food looks fabulous

  24. Maya Piotrowski says
    December 15, 2017 at 5:33 pm

    This is a really good article very informational because I am learning about the three kings at school.

  25. March 28, 2018 at 7:34 pm

    […] Hispanic holiday would be Día de los Reyes Magos, or, The Three Kings or Three Wise Men. This holiday is between the 5th and the 6th of January. It […]

  26. April 1, 2018 at 10:52 pm

    Cuando mis hermanos y yo perdemos los dientes, los colocamos debajo de la almohada para que el hada de los dientes los tome, al igual que los niños que dejan fuera los zapatos.


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